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Showing posts with the label Oak Ridge National Laboratory

'On your mark, get set'

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16-G01779_ODell_web.png June 27, 2017 – Producing biofuels like ethanol from plant materials requires various enzymes to break down the cellulosic fibers. Scientists using neutron scattering have identified the specifics of an enzyme-catalyzed reaction that could significantly reduce the total amount of enzymes used, improving production processes and lowering costs.

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Claus Daniel: Translating basic science for societal impact

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claus16-P07076.jpg June 19, 2017 – Claus Daniel was initially attracted to the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory by its reputation as a world leader in materials research. What has kept him at the lab is the opportunity to work with experts across many disciplines using the latest tools to convey basic science to applications with the potential to improve society.

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Neutrons zero in on the elusive magnetic Majorana fermion

OAK RIDGE, Tenn., June 8 2017—Neutron scattering has revealed in unprecedented detail new insights into the exotic magnetic behavior of a material that, with a fuller understanding, could pave the way for quantum calculations far beyond the limits of the ones and zeros of a computer’s binary code.

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Eck Industries exclusively licenses cerium-aluminum alloy co-developed by ORNL

June 7, 2017 – OAK RIDGE, Tenn., and MANITOWOC, Wis., June 7, 2017—Wisconsin’s Eck Industries has signed an exclusive license for the commercialization of a cerium-aluminum (Ce-Al) alloy co-developed by the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory that is ideal for creating lightweight, strong components for advanced vehicles and airplanes.

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Materials – Transferring heat

June 5, 2017 – Reducing the energy and water that power plants require to convert heat to electricity could become easier with a novel heat exchanger designed and 3D printed at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. A research team achieved a 500 percent increase in thermal conductivity using a new thermoplastic composite made of copper fibers mixed with nylon. Developed in collaboration with the University of Wisconsin, the material and design can be used in creating heat exchangers for other applications as well.

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Catalysis – Simple synthesis

June 5, 2017 – A “lucky finding” by Oak Ridge National Laboratory scientists has led to a simple, nontoxic method to synthesize inexpensive ordered mesoporous materials from plant products. These materials will allow larger molecules to transfer more easily during catalysis, separations and other energy-related applications, said ORNL’s Pengfei Zhang, whose team was originally evaluating tannin, a biomolecule found in plants, for other studies.

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Magnets – Momentum licenses ORNL technology

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03 Momentum_licenses_ORNL_tech.jpg June 5, 2017 – Dallas-based Momentum Technologies has non-exclusively licensed Oak Ridge National Laboratory’s 3D-printed magnet technology and plans to commercialize the first 3D-printed magnet made from recycled materials. ORNL has demonstrated that 3D-printed magnets can outperform those created by traditional methods and could be used in electric vehicles, wind turbines and high-speed rail.

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Nanoscience – Inseparable states of matter

June 5, 2017 – An Oak Ridge National Laboratory–led team discovered a link between electrochemistry at the surface and ferroelectricity within the bulk material of ultrathin crystalline films. The findings, published inNature Physics, explain a decade of anomalous thin-film behavior observations and offers a new mode for control.

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Hydrocarbons – Better oil and gas seeking

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01 Better_oil_gas_seeking.jpg June 5, 2017 – Finding optimal locations for extracting petroleum and natural gas from shale could become more economical and efficient thanks to a new approach developed by Oak Ridge National Laboratory. The research team combined two existing statistical models and applied them to publicly available geographic data to accurately characterize the availability of hydrocarbons in five, high-producing shale plays in the United States and Canada.

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Thomas Zacharia named director of Oak Ridge National Laboratory

OAK RIDGE, Tenn. – Thomas Zacharia, who built Oak Ridge National Laboratory into a global supercomputing power, has been selected as the laboratory’s next director by UT-Battelle, the partnership that operates ORNL for the U.S. Department of Energy.“Thomas has a compelling vision for the future of ORNL that is directly aligned with the U.S. Department of Energy’s strategic priorities,” said Joe DiPietro, chair of the UT-Battelle Board of Governors and president of the University of Tennessee.

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Newly identified microbial process could reduce toxic methylmercury levels

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Methanotroph_OB3b_cellsScience Area  Clean Energy OAK RIDGE, Tenn. May 31, 2017 – A team led by the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory has identified a novel microbial process that can break down toxic methylmercury in the environment, a fundamental scientific discovery that could potentially reduce mercury toxicity levels and support health and risk assessments.

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Matt Sallas: From Afghanistan to advanced manufacturing

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2017-P03273.jpg While serving in Kandahar, Afghanistan, U.S. Navy construction mechanic Matthew Sallas may not have imagined where his experience would take him next. But researchers at Oak Ridge National Laboratory certainly had the future in mind as they were creating programs to train men and women like him for tomorrow’s maker workforce.

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Neutrons provide the first nanoscale look at a living cell membrane

OAK RIDGE, Tenn., May 24, 2017—A research team from the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory has performed the first-ever direct nanoscale examination of a living cell membrane. In doing so, it also resolved a long-standing debate by identifying tiny groupings of lipid molecules that are likely key to the cell’s functioning.

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A seat at the table: Colleen Iversen

May 22, 2017 – Colleen Iversen’s quest to understand the world below ground has taken her to remarkably diverse ecosystems above ground.

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ORNL welcomes Innovation Crossroads entrepreneurial research fellows

OAK RIDGE, Tenn., May 18, 2017—Oak Ridge National Laboratory today welcomed the first cohort of innovators to join Innovation Crossroads, the Southeast region's first entrepreneurial research and development program based at a U.S. Department of Energy national laboratory.

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Bearden High School's Allison Campbell wins UT-Battelle Scholarship

OAK RIDGE, Tenn., May 16, 2017 – Bearden High School senior Allison Michelle Campbell has been named recipient of the 2017 UT-Battelle Scholarship to attend the University of Tennessee.The scholarship is awarded to a graduating senior planning to study science, mathematics or engineering at UT. The competitive scholarship is presented annually to a graduating student with a parent employed at the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory by UT-Battelle, ORNL's managing contractor.

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ORNL, University of Tennessee launch new doctoral program in data science

OAK RIDGE, Tenn. May 15, 2017–The Tennessee Higher Education Commission has approved a new doctoral program in data science and engineering as part of the Bredesen Center for Interdisciplinary Research and Graduate Education.The Bredesen Center unites resources and capabilities from the University of Tennessee-Knoxville (UTK) and the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory to promote advanced research and to provide innovative solutions to global challenges in energy, engineering and computation.

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Alexandru Dumitrache: Tangible results with metabolomics

May 9, 2017 – As an undergraduate at Toronto’s Ryerson University, Alexandru “Alex” Dumitrache initially studied chemistry and biology with an eye toward a career in medicine—until a class in industrial biotechnology opened his mind to other possibilities.Today his work as a microbial physiologist in the Biosciences Division at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) focuses on exploring organisms essential to the production of biofuels and industrial chemicals.

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ORNL's Gibson named SME outstanding young engineer

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BrianGibson_200 r1.jpg OAK RIDGE, Tenn., May 8, 2017 – Brian T. Gibson, a postdoctoral research associate at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, has been named one of the SME Outstanding Young Manufacturing Engineers for 2017.

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ORNL's Datskos receives SPIE's Lehrfeld Award

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Datskos_200 r1.jpg OAK RIDGE, Tenn., May 8, 2017 – Panos Datskos, a researcher at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, has received the 2017 Eric A. Lehrfeld Award from the Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers.

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