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Showing posts with the label CCC Blog

Big Data, Data Science, and Civil Rights

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The Computing Community Consortium (CCC) has been working hard on various white papers over the past couple of months and slowly releasing them. You can see all of them here.Today, we highlight another paper, called Big Data, Data Science, and Civil Rights by Solon Barocas, Elizabeth Bradley, Vasant Honavar, and Foster Provost.Government, academia, and the private sector have increasingly recognized that the use of big data and data science in decisions has important implications for civil rights. However, a coherent research agenda for addressing these topics is only beginning to emerge and the need for such an agenda is critical and timely. Big data and data science have begun to profoundly affect decision making because the modern world is more broadly instrumented to gather data—from financial transactions, mobile phone calls, web and app interactions, emails, chats, Facebook posts, Tweets, cars, Fitbits, and on and on.According to this paper, the necessary research agenda should …

Democratizing Design for Future Computing Platforms

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The Computing Community Consortium (CCC) has been working hard on various white papers over the past couple of months and slowly releasing them. You can see all of them here.Today, we highlight one paper in particular, called Democratizing Design for Future Computing Platforms by Luis Ceze, Mark D. Hill, Karthikeyan Sankaralingam, and Thomas F. Wenisch.Information and communications technology (ICT) is changing our world. And yet, even more transformative advances are possible. With advances in machine learning and cloud computing, future ICT improvements will likely exceed past advances, bringing improved quality of life and enhanced competitiveness for the USA as world leader.Past ICT gains have been facilitated by synergistic improvements in hardware, commonly called “Moore’s Law.” Moore’s Law enabled ICT hardware performance and cost-performance to double every two years to provide a foundation for the ICT wonders we all experience. Unfortunately, the technology trends fueling Moo…

Microsoft Research and NSF Big Data Hubs Collaboration Passes the One-Year Mark

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The cloud computing partnership between the Big Data Regional Innovation Hubs (BD Hubs) and Microsoft Research has just passed the one-year anniversary mark. In June 2016, Microsoft dedicated $3 million in cloud computing credits to support the BD Hubs and the associated Big Data Spokes (BD Spokes) projects.The four Big Data Hubs – split by region into NortheastSouthMidwest, and West – apply data science resources to address regional challenges like agriculture, healthcare, and smart cities. Each Hub is partnered with a set of Spokes, multi-sector teams that focus on research themes with real world impact.The cloud computing credits were given to the hubs as part of the Microsoft Azure for Research program, an effort that engages research and funding agencies through Azure grants and training worldwide. The BD Hubs and Spokes used the cloud computing credits to support their research projects – uses that include the aggregation and analysis of medical data, communication between c…

ACM Turing 50 Year Celebration Live Stream

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The Association for Computing Machinery‘s (ACM) celebration of 50 years of the A.M. Turing Award is tomorrow and Saturday (June 23-24th, 2017) in San Francisco, CA.You can watch the live stream of the celebration here starting at 8:30 AM Pacific Time. Day 1, Friday, June 23Impact of Turing Recipients’ Work (8:55 – 9:15AM) Speaker: Barbara Liskov (2008 Turing laureate) Advances in Deep Neural Networks (9:15 – 10:30AM) Deep neural networks can be trained with relatively modest amounts of information and then successfully be applied to large quantities of unstructured data. Their capabilities, in some domains, rival those of human beings. How are deep neural networks changing our world and our jobs and how may things further change going forward?Moderator: Judea Pearl (2011 Turing laureate)Panelists: Michael Jordan, Fei-Fei Li, Stuart Russell, Ilya Sutskever, and Raquel UrtasunRestoring Personal Privacy without Compromising National Security (11:10AM – 12:25PM) Panelists will explore how …

Smart Wireless Communication is the Cornerstone of Smart Infrastructures

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Contributions to this post were made by CCC Council member Jennifer Rexford and Mary Ann Weitnauer.  Today’s wireless networks cannot meet the demands of emerging smart infrastructure, such as Smart Cities, Smart Grids, Smart Health, and Smart Transportation. We are desperately in need of wireless networks that have more agility, reliability, security, scalability, and partnerships.Recently, the Computing Community Consortium (CCC) in collaboration with the Electrical and Computer Engineering Department Heads Association (ECEDHA) released white papers describing a collective research agenda for intelligent infrastructure. We will be blogging about each paper over the next few weeks.Today, we highlight a newly release intelligent infrastructure paper called Smart Wireless Communication is the Cornerstone of Smart Infrastructures.Some of the specific needs in advanced wireless technologies and the recommendations to address them include:Scaling to a large number of devices: The number o…

NIH Data Commons Webinar: Friday 6/23 12-2PM ET

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Intrigued by our post a few days ago about the National Institute of Health‘s new Data Commons Pilot Phase and wanted to learn more? Then you are in luck!The NIH Common Fund and the Big Data to Knowledge (BD2K) program cordially invite you to view an informational webinar for the NIH Data Commons Pilot Phase Research Opportunity Announcement RM-17-026 on Friday, June 23, 2017 from 12-2 PM US EDT.The purpose of the announcement is to invite applications from applicants who have an interest in performing high impact, cutting-edge scientific and computing activities necessary to establish an NIH Data Commons. The goal of the NIH Data Commons is to accelerate new biomedical discoveries by providing a cloud-based platform where investigators can store, share, access, and compute on digital objects (data, software, etc.) generated from biomedical research and perform novel scientific research including hypothesis generation, discovery, and validation. Applicants are encouraged to develop in…

NIST Awards $38.5 Million to Accelerate Public Safety Communications Technologies

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The U.S. Commerce Department’s National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has awarded $38.5 million to 33 research and development (R&D) projects aimed at advancing broadband communications technologies for first responders.The multiyear grants are intended to help modernize public safety communications and operations by supporting the migration of data, video and voice communications from mobile radio to a nationwide public safety broadband network, as well as accelerating critical technologies related to indoor location tracking and public safety analytics.NIST reviewed 162 proposals from a diverse pool of national and international applicants across industry, academia and public safety organizations. The 33 selected projects span five key technology areas that have the potential to greatly enhance public safety communications and operations:Mission Critical Voice (moving from traditional radios to cellular systems)Location-Based Services (conducting indoor positionin…

New NIH Data Commons Pilot Phase

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The National Institute of Health (NIH), under the Big Data to Knowledge (BD2K) program, will be launching a Data Commons Pilot Phase to test ways to store, access, and share FAIR biomedical data and associated tools in the cloud.A data commons is a way to share and provide access to digital objects, like the data generated during biomedical research, or the software and other tools needed to use the data. A commons would help NIH extract more value from the digital products of biomedical research by making them available to more researchers. Using a cloud-based data commons model will empower researchers to find and interact with data directly in the cloud without spending time and resources downloading large datasets to their own servers.The NIH Common Fund issued Research Opportunity Announcement RM-17-026 to support several awards as part of an NIH Data Commons Pilot Phase Consortium.Letters of Intent are required, and are due June 30, 2017 at 5:00 PM ET. The Data Commons Pilot Phas…

AI Now Initiative Symposium on July 10th, 2017

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The AI Now Initiative is hosting a symposium on July 10th, 2017 at the MIT Media Lab to “address the biggest challenges we face as AI moves further into our everyday lives.” Leaders from industry, academia, civil society, and the government will share ideas for technical design, research and policy directions.See the full agenda here. Panel topics include:Bias Traps in AIA panel discussing how we understand bias in AI systems, highlighting the latest research insights and why issues of bias matter in concrete ways to real people.Governance Gaps Under TrumpTrump is in power and Brexit is official. How has this changed the policy landscape for AI? What are the biggest challenges in these politically uncertain times?Rights and Liberties in an Automated WorldAI systems are already making decisions that fundamentally impact rights and liberties, from healthcare to criminal justice to labor to education and much more. How can we preserve these core values in a time of rapidly increasing aut…

Safety and Security for Intelligent Infrastructure

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As we start to embed sensing, computing, and communication into previously “dumb” infrastructure, there are clear benefits but it also creates new and challenging threats to safety, security, and privacy. How we address these threats is critical because, with cyber-physical systems, security vulnerabilities can translate directly to public safety hazards.Recently, the Computing Community Consortium (CCC) in collaboration with the Electrical and Computer Engineering Department Heads Association (ECEDHA) released white papers describing a collective research agenda for intelligent infrastructure. We will be blogging about each paper over the next few weeks.Today, we highlight the Safety and Security for Intelligent Infrastructure white paper.These threats occur in multiple forms (from information leakage to petty cybercrime to cyberwar) and at multiple scales (issues with individual devices, issues with a single device networked to a server in the cloud, and emerging issues with large c…

NSF WATCH TALK- Confidentiality à la Carte with Cipherbase

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The next WATCH talk, called Confidentiality à la Carte with Cipherbaseis Thursday, June 22th, from 12 PM-1 PM ET.The presenter is Donald Kossmann is the director of the Microsoft Research Lab in Redmond. He joined Microsoft in 2014. Before that, he was a professor in the Systems Group of the Department of Computer Science at ETH Zurich (Switzerland). He is the Chair of ACM SIGMOD and an ACM Fellow. He is a co-founder of four start-ups in the areas of Web data management and cloud computing.Abstract:
Organizations move data and workloads to the cloud because the cloud is cheaper, more agile, and more secure. Unfortunately, the cloud is not perfect and there are some fundamental tradeoffs that need to be made in the cloud. The Cipherbase project studies the tradeoffs between confidentiality and functionality that arise when state-of-the-art cryptography is combined with databases in the cloud: The more operations that are supported on encrypted data, the more information that can be lea…

DataScience@NIH Updates

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Check out the following updates from Data Science at the National Institutes of Health (NIH). Highlights and video of selected presentations from the May 16-18 BD2K-LINCS Data Science Symposium are now available on the BD2K Centers Coordinating Center website. See researchers from the Library of Integrated Network-based Cellular Signatures (LINCS) program describe “Global Analysis and Visualization of the Thousands of Expression Signatures for Drug and Target Discovery.”Data Science Opportunities:The NIH, under the BD2K program, will be launching a Data Commons Pilot Phase to test ways to store, access, and share FAIR biomedical data and associated tools in the cloud. The NIH Data Commons Pilot Phase is expected to span fiscal years 2017-2020, with an estimated total budget of approximately $55.5 Million, pending available funds. Learn more here.Call for Submissions for a special issue on “Open Research Data Resources” for Scientific Data, for articles describing novel data resources …

Due Date Extended! — Call for Nominations – CRA/CCC Leadership in Science Policy Institute 2017

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The following is a guest blog post by CRA Government Affairs Director, Peter Harsha. The deadline has been extended to June 23, 2017. As part of its mission to develop a next generation of leaders in the computing research community, the Computing Research Association‘s Computing Community Consortium (CCC) announces the fourth offering of the CCC Leadership in Science Policy Institute (LiSPI), intended to educate computing researchers on how science policy in the U.S. is formulated and how our government works. We seek nominations for participants.LiSPI will be centered around a two-day workshop to be held November 6 – 7, 2017, in Washington, DC. (Full details of LiSPI are available here.)LiSPI will feature presentations and discussions with science policy experts, current, and former Hill staff, and relevant agency and Administration personnel about mechanics of the legislative process, interacting with agencies, advisory committees, and the federal case for computing. A tentative ag…

Privacy in Information-Rich Intelligent Infrastructure

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Did you know that driverless cars communicate real-time location and other data to cloud aggregators like Google? This intelligent infrastructure monitoring compromises the privacy of drivers who continuously share their locations. Without a framework for protecting the privacy of the driver’s data, drivers will be very conservative about sharing their data. This data, however, is a necessity for adding the intelligence to intelligent infrastructure.Recently, the Computing Community Consortium (CCC) in collaboration with the Electrical and Computer Engineering Department Heads Association (ECEDHA) released white papers describing a collective research agenda for intelligent infrastructure. Today, we highlight a new paper that was just released called the Privacy in Information-Rich Intelligent Infrastructure paper.We will be blogging about each paper over the next few weeks.The more data we have the more intelligent our infrastructure will be, but also the less privacy we can provide …

ITIF Report “10 Steps Congress Can Take to Accelerate Data Innovation”

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Contributions to the following blog were made by former CCC Chair Gregory Hager and CCC Director Ann Drobnis. We all know there is a lot of data out there, and the amount of data is growing rapidly2500 petabyes a day by some estimates. For data-driven fields such as Artificial Intelligence (AI), the availability of massive amounts of data and vast advances in computing power have now brought us to a unique and exciting phase where the availability of data is a major factor shaping the evolution of AI research.TheInformation Technology & Innovation Foundation(ITIF) recently released report called10 Steps Congress Can Take to Accelerate Data Innovation, which encourages policymakers to support publishing data to unlock the benefits of data-driven innovation and to encourage industries to make better use of the data. The report states that data “is vital to both growing the economy and addressing important social problems, and Congress has many opportunities to pave the way for mo…

Great Innovative Idea- Progressing Intention Progression: A Call for a Goal-Plan Tree Contest

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John Thangarajah, Neil Yorke-Smith, Brian Logan The following Great Innovative Idea is from Brian Logan (University of Nottingham), John Thangarajah (RMIT University), and Neil Yorke-Smith (American University of Beirut). Their paper called Progressing Intention Progression: A Call for a Goal-Plan Tree Contest was the Blue Sky Ideas Conference Track winner at the Sixteenth International Conference on Autonomous Agents and MutliAgent Systems (AAMAS), May 8-12, 2017 in Sao Paulo, Brazil.The IdeaA key problem for an agent with multiple, possibly inconsistent, goals is: “what should I do next”? What to do next can be formalized as the intention progression problem (IPP): what means (i.e., plan) to use to achieve a given goal, and which of the currently adopted plans (i.e., intentions) to progress at the current moment.This problem is central to autonomous systems and has a long history in computer science, but research on the IPP is fragmented and suffers from a lack of common terminology,…

NIST Special Publication Draft- Securing Wireless Infusion Pumps in Healthcare Delivery Organizations

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National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) announced the release of a draft Special Publication (SP) on Securing Wireless Infusion Pumps in Healthcare Delivery Organizations, which is now available for public comment.This is an important area that Computing Community Consortium (CCC) Council member Kevin Fu from the University of Michigan has been working in for many years. In February 2016, Fu attended the White House meeting of medical device security stakeholders and domain experts to discuss the cybersecurity challenges faced by healthcare delivery organizations and medical device manufacturers. In March 2017, the New York Times released an article called It’s Possible to Hack a Phone With Sound Waves, Researchers Show, which highlights Fu’s work on embedded computer systems. Fu and his team have found a vulnerability that allows them to take control of devices through the tiny accelerometers that are standard components in consumer products like fitness monitors. Recen…

MOBILITY21: Strategic Investments for Transportation Infrastructure & Technology

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Contributions to the blog were made by Rahul Mangharam from the University of Pennsylvania and past CCC Chair Gregory Hager from Johns Hopkins University.How should we invest in transportation infrastructure and technology to protect our national security and our country’s economic growth?Recently, the Computing Community Consortium (CCC) in collaboration with the Electrical and Computer Engineering Department Heads Association (ECEDHA) released eight white papers describing a collective research agenda for intelligent infrastructure. We will be blogging about each paper over the next few weeks.Today, we highlight the MOBILITY21: Strategic Investments for Transportation Infrastructure & Technology paper.This paper outlines critical needs for our transportation infrastructure, identifies new technology drivers and proposes strategic investments for safe and efficient air, ground, rail and marine mobility of people and goods. As transportation technology evolves, the paper proposes …

Great Innovative Idea- Spreading Awareness about HIV Among Homeless Youth Using Artificial Intelligence

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The following Great Innovative Idea is from Amulya Yadav, a fourth-year Ph.D. candidate in the Computer Science Department at the University of Southern California (USC). Yadav was a co-organizer of the Computing Community Consortium (CCC) AAAI Symposium on AI for Social Good on March 27-29, 2017.The IdeaHIV-AIDS kills 2 million people worldwide every year. In USA alone, AIDS kills around 10,000 people per annum. This dangerous disease has an extremely high incidence among homeless youth, as they are more likely to engage in high HIV-risk behaviors (e.g., unprotected sexual activity, injection drug use) than other sub-populations. In fact, previous studies show that homeless youth are at 10X greater risk of HIV infection than stably housed populations. As a result, many homeless shelters organize intervention camps for homeless youth in order to raise awareness about HIV prevention and treatment practices. These intervention camps consist of day-long educational sessions in which the …

NSF CISE Letter to the Community- FY 2018 Budget Request

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The following is a letter to the community from Jim Kurose, Assistant Director (AD) and Erwin Gianchandani, Deputy AD of the National Science Foundation‘s Directorate for Computer and Information Science and Engineering (CISE) regarding the FY2018 Budget Request that was released yesterday. Dear CISE Community,

Each year, the President transmits to Congress a budget request for the Executive Branch of the Federal government, including a request for the National Science Foundation (NSF).  Today, the President officially submitted that request for fiscal year (FY) 2018, which begins October 1, 2017, and continues through September 30, 2018.  The President’s FY 2018 Budget Request proposes $6.6 billion for NSF (a decrease of 11.1% from the actual FY 2016 NSF budget), including a proposal of $839 million for the Directorate for Computer and Information Science and Engineering (CISE; a decrease of 10.3% from the actual FY 2016 budget).  The President’s FY 2018 Budget Request for NSF includ…